If you are thinking of using PowerShell for a logon script — think again. Whatever your worthy project to control the users desktop environment, start with Group Policy. Incidentally, even if you end up ignoring my advice, you will still probably need a Group Policy to push out your logon script. In particular, the security and script execution methods employed by PowerShell are unsuited to running on client machines.
Even if you succeed in getting a PowerShell logon scripts to run, you have to ask was it worth it? Surely there must be a better way of providing a default printer or access to a network share.
The problem is that you cannot simply assign a. Fortunately, there is a work-around and that is to create a VBScript script which calls your PowerShell script.
To my mind this whole procedure is telling me clearly, this is not the best way of configuring logon settings. However, if this is what you want, then PowerShell can play its part via the -ComObject. Here is a MapNetworkDrive example:. Shell" objShell. Run "powershell. This utility will also guide you through troubleshooting; the dashboard will indicate whether the root cause is a broken link, faulty equipment or resource overload.
What I like best is the way NPM suggests solutions to network problems. Its also has the ability to monitor the health of individual VMware virtual machines.
If you are interested in troubleshooting, and creating network maps, then I recommend that you try NPM now.
Version 2. Another option for running PowerShell scripts on remote Windows 7 computers is to use logon, logoff, startup, and shutdown scripts defined in GPOs. Earlier versions of Windows supported specifying only command files for these scripts.
PowerShell provides far more flexibility and power than is available in command files. See more on PowerShell in Windows 7. When Group Policy was delivered with Windowsit allowed administrators to execute batch file-based scripts at user logon or logoff, as well as at computer startup and shutdown. This enabled administrators to configure parts of the environment or execute additional programs during those times.I love logon scripts.
My point: while I am delighted to help you with PowerShell 3. CreateObject "WScript. Network" objNetwork. This may sound bizarre, but I often share out a folder on my local machine, and use that in my test script. My reasoning is this, when getting started I want to avoid problems associated with permissions, firewalls, or flaky wireless networks. Furthermore, you should specify the type of object as: WScript. This utility will also guide you through troubleshooting; the dashboard will indicate whether the root cause is a broken link, faulty equipment or resource overload.
What I like best is the way NPM suggests solutions to network problems. Its also has the ability to monitor the health of individual VMware virtual machines.
If you are interested in troubleshooting, and creating network maps, then I recommend that you try NPM now. Assuming the above script works, then we can progress to saving the commands into a. The easiest way is using the PowerShell 3.
By design, and by default, script paranoia will prevent our PowerShell. Note 5: If time permits please check the other options such as RemoteSigned, and for later experiments, Bypass.
On a stand-alone machine launch Gpedit. Make sure you expand the User Configuration, then examine the Windows settings, where you should find:.How To Map Network Drives Using Logon Script GPO in Windows Server 2019
What happens next depends on whether you have Windows 7 or Windows Server R2 or later. As ever, if you have an up-to-date operating system, then configuring is easy.
If you have an old system such as XP or Windowssee plan B. Note 6: The trick is to copy your logon. To see the files in Windows Explorer you may need to change the folder view options. Another frustration is if you try and paste files to this folder using the Windows Explorer you get permissions problems. Troubleshooting: I get much more success if I wrap the PowerShell file in an old-fashioned.
Thankfully the utilities are displayed logically: monitoring, network discovery, diagnostic, and Cisco tools.
Assigning PowerShell scripts to Group Policy always gives me trouble. My best advice is keep trying slightly different options. Wherever possible make it simpler and simpler, seek to isolate one item at a time. For example test, the logon. Echo "Logon Script". Latency — I found a minute delay before Group Policy delivered my mapped network drive; most strange, but it was a pre-beta release.
Batch files for logon scripts are strictly a Plan B option; a fall-back for situations where the above method fails. If you created.Having recently taken on a new client with a system that had been neglected somewhat I wanted to find out about the state of their user accounts. Right, on with a quick tutorial of Get-ADUser. The following screenshots are taken from my Windows Server demo lab.
You need to give it a filter. This will return all the users in the domain. Next lets single out an individual user and see what information we can see. This will show you all the properties associated with the user. Now we can see a list of all the properties associated with a user account, we can start to format the Get-ADUser command to just show us the information we require.
PowerShell Logon Scripts
We can now see the information we want for a single user, but a table of users would be useful…. By taking a look at the properties of an individual user you can build a table with any combination of user properties you are interested in.
This is one of my most popular posts, so if you found it useful please share with your colleagues, like or leave a comment. Thanks, Carl. Very helpful! Thank you so much for sharing this information, which means knowledge to me.
PowerShell: Get-ADUser to retrieve logon scripts and home directories – Part 1
This is exactly what I need. Thanks again for sharing freely and so beautifully documented with examples — screenshots — and everything. This was a god send. Thank you for taking the time to comment John, glad it helped you out. This is great. Thank you. One comment. Any thoughts? Always remember to run As Administrator, because, running without elevated PS session, the script path comes null. Your email address will not be published.
Switch to policy Edit mode. Suppose, we have to run the PowerShell script at a computer startup. Select the Startup policy, and go to the PowerShell Scripts tab in the next window.
Now you need to copy the file with your PowerShell script to the domain controller. Now click Add and add the copied. PS1 script file to the list of scripts to be run by the PowerShell policy. It is usually enough to set up here for minutes. By default, Windows security settings do not allow running PowerShell scripts. The current value of the PowerShell script execution policy setting can be obtained using the Get-ExecutionPolicy cmdlet. If the policy is not configured, the command will return Restricted any scripts are blocked.
Possible policy values:. If not one of the setting of the PowerShell scripts execution policy is suitable for you, you can run PowerShell scripts in the Bypass mode scripts are not blocked, warnings do not appear.
In this section, you can configure ps1 script to run by creating the usual Startup batch file that runs the powershell. Full error message below: Set-ItemProperty : Requested registry access is not allowed. You want the the network stack to fully load before attempt to run the startup scripts. Notify me of followup comments via e-mail.
You can also subscribe without commenting. Leave this field empty. Home About. Related Reading. April 14, March 25, Leave a Comment Cancel Reply Notify me of followup comments via e-mail.Microsoft Scripting Guy Ed Wilson here. Oh…my eyes feel like they are glued to my eyelids. I am not a night owlunlike the female who inhabits the house in Charlotte, who seems to enjoy howling at the moon on a regular basis.
Anyway, I do like to read, and I found a fascinating book about Shakespeare for American readers at the library yesterday, and as soon as I began reading it, I felt compelled to finish it. Now it seems I must pay for my indulgence. I received an email from one of my friends in Monterrey, Mexicowho was asking about running a script on his workstations to empty the recycle bin. I told him the best way to do this would be to configure either a logon or logoff script via Group Policy.
It is a great town with excellent cuisine. Whenever I think of Monterrey, I am reminded of the Cerro de la Sillawhich is shown in this photo I took during my last visit. I woke up this morning with a plan. In addition, because the Windows Search index service that exists in Windows 7 does not exist on servers, I need to ensure that the script does not run when someone logs onto a server.
This is shown in the following image. Because I am interested in tracking not only processes that start after the user logs onto the computer but also processes that start before the logon screen, I configure a logon script for the user. I double-click Logon in the right side of the pane, and click the PowerShell Scripts tab as shown in the following image.
From here, I click Add, and click Browse. The Add a Script dialog appears. The Browse button opens a Windows Explorer window that is centered on the SysVol share for my domain.
The dialog appears that is shown in the following image. Well, that is it. The GPO is now created, and I need to allow it to replicate among my various domain controllers. Tomorrow, I will create a Windows PowerShell script to connect to the network share and to parse the process objects.
We invite you to follow us on Twitter or Facebook. If you have any questions, send email to us at scripter microsoft. See you tomorrow. Until then, peace. Log in to join the discussion. I know this is an older article, but I found it interesting.Azure PowerShell supports several authentication methods.
Configuring logon PowerShell scripts with Group Policy
The easiest way to get started is with Azure Cloud Shellwhich automatically logs you in. With a local install, you can sign in interactively through your browser. When writing scripts for automation, the recommended approach is to use a service principal with the necessary permissions. When you restrict sign-in permissions as much as possible for your use case, you help keep your Azure resources secure. After signing in, commands are run against your default subscription.
To change your active subscription for a session, use the Set-AzContext cmdlet. Your credentials are shared among multiple PowerShell sessions as long as you remain signed in.
For more information, see the article on Persistent Credentials. To sign in interactively, use the Connect-AzAccount cmdlet. When run, this cmdlet will present a token string. Your PowerShell session will be authenticated to connect to Azure. If you use credential authorization for automation purposes, instead create a service principal. Service principals are non-interactive Azure accounts. Like other user accounts, their permissions are managed with Azure Active Directory.
By granting a service principal only the permissions it needs, your automation scripts stay secure. To sign in with a service principal, use the -ServicePrincipal argument with the Connect-AzAccount cmdlet.
You'll also need the service principal's application ID, sign-in credentials, and the tenant ID associate with the service principal. How you sign in with a service principal will depend on whether it's configured for password-based or certificate-based authentication.
To get the service principal's credentials as the appropriate object, use the Get-Credential cmdlet. This cmdlet will present a prompt for a username and password. Use the service principal ID for the username. Make sure that you use good password storage practices when automating service principal connections.
Certificate-based authentication requires that Azure PowerShell can retrieve information from a local certificate store based on a certificate thumbprint. When using a service principal instead of a registered application, add the -ServicePrincipal argument and provide the service principal's Application ID as the -ApplicationId parameter's value.
In PowerShell 5. For PowerShell Core 6. The following scripts show you how to import an existing certificate into the certificate store accessible by PowerShell. Managed identities are a feature of Azure Active Directory. Managed identities are service principals assigned to resources that run in Azure. You can use a managed identity service principal for sign-in, and acquire an app-only access token to access other resources. Managed identities are only available on resources running in an Azure cloud.
This command connects using the managed identity of the host environment. For example, if executed on a VirtualMachine with an assigned Managed Service Identity, this allows the code to sign in using that assigned identity. If your account is associated with more than one tenant, sign-in requires the use of the -Tenant parameter when connecting. This parameter will work with any sign-in method. When logging in, this parameter value can either be the Azure object ID of the tenant Tenant ID or the fully qualified domain name of the tenant.
Azure cloud services offer environments compliant with regional data-handling laws. For accounts in a regional cloud, set the environment when you sign in with the -Environment argument.Hey, Scripting Guy! In the past, I worked at a company that had an impressive logon script. It was written in VBScript and consumed more than 5, lines of code — I am not joking here, it was more than 5, lines long.
I no longer work for that company, but I am certain that if it were converted to Windows PowerShell, it would not be nearly that long.
My question is this: do people use Windows PowerShell for logon scripts? If so, how is it done? On reflection, the last time I left home without carrying a laptop might be back when I was a network administrator, prior to laptops becoming commercially available.
In fact, back in the days when I was a network administrator, login scripts were all the rage. Everyone who was anyone would spend weeks and weeks crafting the perfect login script. Nevertheless, to be honest, login scripts back then were the primary means of user management. If one wanted to deploy software to a user, one used a login script. If one wanted to map drives, or printers for a user, again the login script was the mechanism to utilize.
In fact, I even had a command that I used to synchronize the time on all the workstations with the domain controller. None of those things is required nowadays. In many cases, a modern network can survive without a logon script.
The tool that replaces the old-fashioned logon script is Group Policy. This is seen in the following figure. One of the cool things about using a logon script to map drives is that I can use WMI to determine if the script is running on a Server for example when I need to log onto a server to make changes I do not need a logon script running and mapping a bunch of drives.
After the drive mappings have been accomplished the Drive Maps screen appears as shown in the following figure. If you are going to be using Windows PowerShell for logon scripts, they will be assigned via Group Policy. Then I would use WMI filtering to perform all the filtering that needs to be performed. Anything else that needs to be done would then be relegated to the Windows PowerShell logon script. This makes it easier to enable or to disable as required.
In addition, it makes them easier to troubleshoot. For example, I like to use Group Policy to create a folder off of the root and to populate it with utility scripts. In the past, I utilized a logon script to create the folder and to populate it with the scripts.